Posts for tag: Immunizations
The importance of immunizations
Childhood immunizations are one of the most important safeguards against communicable diseases and their serious, long-term complications. Your pediatrician closely adheres to the vaccination schedules published by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Why? Well, there's nothing more important than your youngster's health and well-being, and immunizations effectively guard them.
Just what is an immunization?
Most immunizations are given as "shots," or injections, but some, such as the Rotavirus vaccine, are oral medications. However administered, vaccines boost your child's immune system in its battle against diseases which easily spread from person to person.
Each vaccine contains a small amount of a killed or weakened micro-organisms. These altered viruses or bacteria raise the body's defenses against a particular illness such as chicken pox. pneumonia, polio, tetanus, and more...up to 14 in all by time your child is two years old, says the CDC.
Are immunizations necessary?
Your pediatrician, his or her colleagues and decades of research prove that vaccines protect the health of individual children and of the community at large. Also called herd immunity, community immunity works best when as many babies and youngsters receive all their "shots" on schedule. Community immunity protects youngsters who cannot receive vaccines because of cancer treatment, HIV infection or other serious reason. It also shields the general population when people travel from countries which cannot provide access to these important medications.
Both the AAP and the CDC publish and recommend set vaccine schedules carried out at well-baby and well-child visits at the doctor's office. In addition, there is a "catch-up" schedule for children who have begun their immunizations late or had them interrupted by illness or other serious concern.
Your pediatrician's services
They're so important. Your child's doctor keeps your child's immunization records and can distribute them to schools, camps, college, sports, daycare and other organizations who require proof of up-to-date vaccines. The doctor also monitors your child for any adverse reactions, although typically, vaccines produce no more than:
- Localized redness and soreness at the injection site
- Low grade fever
- Pain and swelling
Has your child received all of the immunizations he or she needs? Our Conroe, TX, pediatrician, Dr. Ayotunde Faweya of Northside Pediatrics Associates, explains when immunizations are recommended.
When should my child receive immunizations?
Some immunizations only require one or two doses, while others require three or four for full immunity. We recommend that our Conroe patients follow this recommended immunization schedule:
- Rotavirus: (2 months and 4 months) - Rotavirus causes fever, diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration and can be quite serious in infants and young children.
- HBV: (Birth, 1 - 2 months and 6 - 18 months) - The immunization protects your child against hepatitis B, a viral infection that damage the liver.
- DTaP: (2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 15 - 18 months, and 4 to 6 years) - The DTaP immunization prevents your son or daughter from contracting tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (whooping cough).
- Polio: (2 months, 4 months, 6 - 18 months, and 4 - 6 years) - Polio once caused death, paralysis and lifelong muscle and joint problems but has been eliminated in the U.S., thanks to this valuable vaccine.
- HiB: (2 months, 4 months, 12 - 15 months) - The haemophilus influenza type B immunization protects your child from a bacterial infection that causes both pneumonia and spinal meningitis.
- Varicella: (12 - 15 months, 4 - 6 years) - Chickenpox may seem like a minor illness, but it can cause serious complications in some children, such as brain or blood infections or pneumonia.
- MMR: (12 - 15 months, 4 - 6 years) - The MMR vaccine targets three disease: measles, mumps, and German measles.
- Pneumococcal Conjugate: (2 months, 4 months, 6 - 18 months, 4 - 6 years) - The important vaccine provides protection form meningitis, pneumonia, blood infections, and some types of ear infections.
- Human Papilloma Virus: (11- 12 years, then an additional dose six to 12 months later) - This fairly new immunization targets the most common strains of the virus responsible for cervical cancer and also prevents genital warts.
- Meningococcal b: (16 - 18 years) - The immunization helps your high school and college-aged children avoid a deadly meningitis infection.
Has your child missed an immunization? It's never too late to catch up if your son or daughter hasn't received all of the recommended immunizations. Call our Conroe, TX, pediatrician, Dr. Faweya of Northside Pediatrics Associates, at (936) 270-8655 to schedule your child's appointment.